Over the years, it is common for our skin to show signs of aging in the eye region or even abnormalities in the eyelids and in the eye cavity.

These types of problems happen, often, through heredity, but they are also possible to occur as long as you live, a factor we know as “natural aging of the body”. At the same time, aging problems in the eye region are possible to be treated with a plastic surgeon.

Today, we tell you the main types of เปิดหางตา surgery to correct eyelids and eye aesthetics.

1. Eyelid bags

One of the main problems caused by aging and heredity are the eyelid bags - bags formed by fat that are apparent on the upper and / or lower eyelids.

They do not usually bring problems to the patient's life, except in terms of aesthetics, causing discomfort to social life, so it is possible to correct the problem with blepharoplasty - specific plastic surgery to correct the eyelid bags and the flaccidity of the eyelids.

2. Drooping eyelids, out or in

Another problem that tends to bother are drooping eyelids, or those that stick out (a problem called ectropion, which can cause discomfort and watery eyes due to the lack of protective contact between the eyelid and the eye), or even end up turning inwards. eyes (a condition called entropion, which causes constant pain and irritation due to contact of the eyelashes with the eyeball).

It is necessary to differentiate the eyelids that have fallen appearance only due to the flaccidity of the skin due to the natural aging of the cases in which the patient has difficulty keeping his eyes open due to some functional problem of the eyelids. In these cases, the eyelids do not keep properly open, which can impair vision. This picture is called eyelid ptosis, which can affect one eye or both eyes.

In cases in which there is only sagging skin, with or without the presence of eyelid bags, conventional blepharoplasty is indicated. It consists of the removal of excess skin from the eyelids at the same time that the eyelid fat bags are removed, which may not be present, or affect one, two or all of the patient's eyelids. It should be noted that, in this surgery, ectropion and / or entropion problems are also corrected, if they are present.

Blepharoplasty is a surgery that can be performed with local anesthesia, local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. It can be associated with other procedures on the face, such as a facelift, or performed as a single procedure. The scars usually evolve well and become very discreet.

The postoperative period of blepharoplasty requires relative rest, and care for the eye region. The swelling is usually important in the first week, but gradually improves after this period. To relieve the discomfort generated by the swelling, the patient is instructed to apply cold compresses over the eyes, and also to use eye drops and / or eye ointments, depending on each case. It is also recommended to protect the eyes from the sun, especially as long as there are purplish areas on the eyelids, which usually subside in the first two to three weeks after the operation.

In cases in which eyelid ptosis exists, specific surgery is needed to correct the abnormal drop of the eyelids. The most common cause of falling eyelid ptosis is related to problems in the eyelid levator muscle, which is primarily responsible for maintaining the normal opening of the eyelids. Cases of eyelid ptosis are more frequent in elderly patients, due to the tendon fraying or rupture (aponeurosis) of this muscle that connects it to the eyelids, but this problem can occur in patients of any age.

Corrective surgery for this type of ptosis consists of tying this tendon back to the muscle if it is broken, or shortening it if it is frayed. This surgery can, in many cases, be associated with conventional blepharoplasty, if the patient wants aesthetic correction of the eyelids together with the correction of eyelid ptosis. The care of this corrective surgery is similar to that of blepharoplasty.

It is essential to talk to your surgeon about the type of eyelid surgery that you are interested in or need to do, so that he can correctly diagnose your case and indicate the most appropriate surgery.

Author's Bio: 

Thriller Author | Craftsman | Entrepreneur | Recovering Neuroscientist | Shaves Head with a Safety Razor and Drinks Black Coffee | Love to write on new things.