Sleep apnea is one of the culprits of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases
About half of apnea patients have hypertension, and at least 30% of hypertensive patients have apnea, while 20 to 30% of apnea patients have coronary heart disease.
Apnea and hypertension interact with each other. In addition, apnea often causes an increase in blood pressure at night and also alters the 24-hour blood pressure rhythm.

Apnea patients can suffer from chronic intermittent hypoxia, carbon dioxide retention, increased negative thoracic pressure, repeated microarousals, and abnormal sleep architecture, which can lead to autonomic dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, vascular endothelial cell damage, increased blood flow viscosity, hypercoagulable states, and abnormal endocrine metabolism, leading to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
The trial on several volunteers found that after apnea was relieved, blood pressure was generally stabilized in hypertensive patients, and most of them never suffered another brain or heart attack during the four-year follow-up of early patients.
Apnea is related to diabetes
Clinically, patients are prone to have both diabetes and apnea syndrome, and these patients are usually characterized by being overweight. This is due to the fact that overweight and obese tend to cause insulin resistance in the body, making insulin less effective and leading to the development of diabetes. Therefore, for such a group of people, lifestyle interventions, as well as medication, should be actively carried out to control weight, and CPAP needs to be used if necessary.
Females with diabetes are at risk for sleep disorders
Females with diabetes are at greater risk of developing sleep disorders. Various diabetes symptoms and related medications may worsen women's sleep difficulties, which, along with other problems, can lead to more frequent urination and can wake women up multiple times during the night. At the same time, sleep is considered a key factor in the prevention and control of diabetes.
Apnea may relate to the risk of Alzheimer
A Mayo Clinic study shows that if your bedmate finds you have sleep apnea, then you may havehigher levels of Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in your brain.
Researchers recruited 288 volunteers who were 65 years or older without cognitive impairment, and then asked their partners whether the volunteers had sleep apnea. The results showed that 43 of the volunteers' partners noticed apnea in their partner's sleep. According to the researchers, it is normal for people to have occasional apnea during sleep, usually less than five times an hour. If it occurs more often, it means that the person may have OSA and it is easier for the bedmate to notice the condition.
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