Also, known as Diabetic Retinopathy, it is caused because of damage to the blood vessels behind the region of eye known as retina. It is found that, poorly controlled blood sugar is of the risk factor in diabetic eye. Some of the early symptoms include floaters, blurriness, dark areas of vision and difficulty perceiving colors and eventually blindness can occur. In mild circumstances these symptoms could be treated with careful diabetes management and healthcare facilities.
How to manage diabetic eye condition?
• Eating healthy could certainly help you to maintain a healthy eye sight.Taking proper meals in particular time interval could help you tomanage your health. People suffering from diabetes should incorporate vitamin A,vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zeaxanthin, and zinc intheir diet.
• Focus on your eye sight number: Test your vision from time to time, measure your eye pressure to test for glaucoma.
• Manage your blood pressure, blood glucose and cholesterol.
• Quit smoking or get help in doing so.
• Go for dilated eye exam once a year
• Exercising periodically will help you to improve glycemic control, whichis a determining factor for eye health in a diabetic. If you could only start with 25-30minutes of walking each day and you’ll see the changes in your blood sugar levels.
Impact of Diabetes on your Eyes:
Primary cause of blindness in adults ages 20 to 74, high blood sugar can lead to several problems like blurry vision, cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy because of diabetes. It is reported that there are certain symptoms such as blurry vision for a couple of days or weeks when diabetic patient try to change their diet plans, however diet with high sugar can cause blurred vision by leading to the swelling in the tissues of your eyes.
Depending on the types of combination of risk factors such as genes and lifestyle you get either type 1, type2 diabetes. Although risk factors such as family history, age, or ethnicity can’t be changed you can modify your lifestyle to low the risk factors around eating well, physical activity, and weight. Polycystic ovary syndrome can also increase the risk of diabetes. Even if your blood glucose that stays high over time can cause your blood vessels towards retina to swell. Here are some of the types of diabetic eye disease:
1. Diabetic Retinopathy
Your retina senses light and turns it into signals for your brain to read those signals. Diabetes damages those blood vessels that can harm the retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy.Theno proliferative diabetic retinopathy— onset of the disease starts with blood vessels weakening, bulging, or leaking into the retina. As the disease escalates, blood vessels starts to close off, causing new blood vessels to proliferate, on the surface of the retina. This stage is called known as proliferative diabetic retinopathy. These abnormal growth of new blood vessels could cause serious vision problems.
2. Glaucoma: In eye defects like glaucoma, pressure in your eye damages the optic nerve, it is noted that people with diabetes are more susceptible to this condition than other adults.Though glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60, the disease can occur at any other age. Glaucoma usually doesn’t have any warning signs and vision loss due to glaucoma can't be recovered.

3. Macular edema:Diagnosed with dilated eye exam, imaging tests of the eye, it is the condition in which macula responsible to give sharp centralvision, swells because of leaking in the lens. This may also leads to color change andcloudy vision.The fluid buildup causes the macula to swell and thicken, which eventually causing distorts vision.
Symptoms of Diabetic Eye:
Sometimes, blurry vision could be the primary symptoms of diabetes because of the accumulation of insulin and fluid leaking into the eye lens which make the lens to swell and change its shape says the top diabetic eye specialists in Vashi one such is Sweets Clinic, Mumbai.
The common symptoms of retinal disorders caused by Diabetes are as follows:
• Vision loss (peripheral vision or tunnel vision)
• Halos around lights- floaters
• Eye redness
• Ocular pain (eye pain)
• Nausea
• Light sensitivityblurry or wavy vision
• poor color vision
When you should see a doctor?
If you are a diabetic, you are more likely to develop eye problems, regular eye checkups and comprehensive eye exams. Sometimes Diabetic eye specialists in Navi Mumbai even recommend dialysis if required. Blurred vision could be treated quickly with eye drops or glasses. Get an appointment today with the Diabetes Eye Care clinic in Vashi at Sweet Clinics in Mumbai.

Author's Bio: 

Dr Vinood Methil is a senior Consultant Diabetologist practising in Sweet Clinics Navi Mumbai for last 16 years. He has done his MBBS and post graduation Diploma in Diabetology from Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L.Nair Hospital Mumbai University.