The most prevalent physical disability in children is cerebral palsy, which is brought on by harm to the developing brain during pregnancy, the perinatal period, or the early postnatal period. A complicated combination of motor symptoms known as cerebral palsy ranges in severity from moderate motor coordination failure to substantial quadriplegia or hemiplegia, bulbar palsy or cerebral ataxia.

Cerebral palsy has no known cure, and this pattern is not widely observed, despite the fact that certain recent publishing numbers imply a lower tendency in the condition's incidence. Stem cells have attracted a lot of interest and attention due to their potential to treat a number of diseases or disease states. In an effort to find a cure, many patients and their families have spent a significant amount of money flying abroad for stem cell therapy. 

It might be challenging to choose which cell source may be most suited to a certain ailment when thinking about stem cell therapies given the enormous variety of stem and progenitor cell types that are being investigated in preclinical trials. There are numerous benefits to using cord blood cells for cerebral palsy treatment, including their low immunogenicity and, consequently, low risk of rejection and the emergence of graft vs. host disease. Perinatal brain injury is one condition for which cord blood cells are particularly well-suited.

Clinical Trials for Cerebral Palsy

The start of human trials to examine the therapeutic potential of UCB cells for cerebral palsy was initially supported by the encouraging results from rat research on the treatment of brain injury with UCB cells. There are presently 21 clinical trials looking at UCB treatment for cerebral palsy.

The Potential of Cord-Blood in treating CP

The gold standard for the discovery of treatments from the bench to the bedside is preclinical research in animal models using a controlled and standardized injury. A study by Bennet et al. also claimed that big animal model studies are necessary to prove the safety and, more importantly, the effectiveness of cell treatments to minimize cerebral palsy and prenatal brain injury.

Future of UCB for Cerebral Palsy

The various cell types identified in UCB have strong anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and antioxidant properties. All of these characteristics are essential for the recovery of the brain following a variety of adverse events, and they may also be employed to control the repair of cerebral architecture. The best neuroprotective benefit may come from administering these cells together as the mononuclear cell fraction of UCB, possibly complimenting each other's mechanisms of action, or it may be possible to separate individual cells as an"off-the-shelf" product for particular medical procedures.

In conclusion, the likelihood that UCB cell treatment will be able to prevent or address the underlying brain trauma that causes cerebral palsy should be considered to be fairly positive. The ideal dosage, cell type, delivery technique, timing of administration, and possibility for personalized therapy in both newborns and children with brain injury should be agreed upon, but we should also be coordinating our efforts in this regard.

Author's Bio: 

Advancells is the leading organization in the field of regenerative medicine. We have recognized the immense therapeutic potential of stem cells, which may be efficiently used to cure a number of disorders that are now classified as "incurable."