Hemorrhoids are a widespread medical issue that affects millions of people worldwide. They develop when the veins in the rectal or anal area swell or become inflamed, producing discomfort, pain, and itching. However, there are various effective hemorrhoid treatments available that can reduce symptoms and improve overall quality of life. In this article, we will discuss eight effective treatment options for hemorrhoids.

1. Over-the-counter medications
Hemorrhoids may often be treated with over-the-counter medications such as creams, ointments, and suppositories. Ingredients in these medications can help decrease swelling, itching, and pain in the affected area. Hydrocortisone, witch hazel, and lidocaine are typical components of these medications. When using these medicines, it is critical to read the label and pay close attention to the directions.

2. Sitz baths
Sitz baths are another helpful hemorrhoid treatment approach. It means taking a warm bath for 15-20 minutes multiple times a day. Warm water may help in the reduction of swelling and pain in the affected area. You might get greater relief by putting Epsom salts or baking soda in the water. After the bath, pat the affected area dry with a clean towel.

3. Dietary changes
Changing your diet can also help cope with hemorrhoids. A high-fiber diet can help soften the feces and make it easier to pass, relieving pressure on the veins in the anal area. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes are beneficial since they are high in fiber. Drinking enough water can also help avoid constipation and make bowel movements easier.

4. Home remedies
Even though there are some alternative treatments for hemorrhoids, there is insufficient scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of these methods. Aloe vera, coconut oil, and witch hazel, for example, have been used topically to relieve hemorrhoid symptoms.

Similarly, some patients have claimed relief from hemorrhoids after taking herbal supplements such as horse chestnut, butcher's broom, and flavonoids, but further study is needed to confirm the effectiveness and safety of these supplements.

5. Exercise
Regular physical activity helps improve circulation and lower the risk of hemorrhoids. Exercise can also help avoid constipation and make bowel movements easier. Walking, swimming, and yoga are all wonderful alternatives for people who suffer from hemorrhoids. However, it is better to avoid heavy lifting and workouts that impose strain on the rectal or anal region.

6. Hemorrhoid banding
Hemorrhoid banding is a surgical treatment in which a rubber band is wrapped around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply and causing it to shrink and fall off. This is a minor surgery that may be performed in a doctor's office. It is widely regarded as both effective and safe in the treatment of internal hemorrhoids.

7. Infrared coagulation
Another less invasive technique for managing hemorrhoids is infrared coagulation. It includes the use of an infrared light-emitting device to coagulate the blood vessels in the affected area, causing the hemorrhoid to shrink and finally fall off. This treatment is safe and successful for treating internal hemorrhoids and can be performed in a doctor's office.

8. Surgery
In certain cases, surgery may be required to treat hemorrhoids that have not responded to traditional treatment options. Surgery is often reserved for severe hemorrhoids that cause severe pain or bleeding.

Hemorrhoidectomy and stapled hemorrhoidopexy are the two most common types of hemorrhoid surgery. Hemorrhoidectomy involves surgical removal of hemorrhoids, while stapled hemorrhoidopexy involves using a special stapling device to remove hemorrhoids and reposition the remaining tissue.

The bottom line
Hemorrhoids are a painful and unpleasant disease, but there are various viable treatment options. Hemorrhoids can be treated with over-the-counter drugs, sitz baths, dietary modifications, exercise, hemorrhoid banding, infrared coagulation, and surgery.

It is essential to consult with a doctor to find the best treatment for your specific requirements. Most people with hemorrhoids can find relief from their symptoms and enhance their quality of life with correct treatment and self-care.

Author's Bio: 

I am Amelia Grant, journalist, and blogger. I think that information is a great force that is able to change people’s lives for the better. That is why I feel a strong intention to share useful and important things about health self-care, wellness and other advice that may be helpful for people. Being an enthusiast of a healthy lifestyle that keeps improving my life, I wish the same for everyone.